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Pelangi di Atas Glagah Wangi: A Novel of Love and Betrayal in Indonesia
Pelangi di Atas Glagah Wangi (Rainbow over the Fragrant Reeds) is a novel by Indonesian author Ahmad Tohari. It tells the story of Siti Nurbaya, a young woman who falls in love with Zainal, a freedom fighter during the Indonesian National Revolution. However, their love is doomed by the political and social turmoil of the time, as well as by the interference of Siti's father, who forces her to marry a wealthy but cruel man.
The novel is set in the rural area of Banyumas, Central Java, where Tohari was born and raised. It depicts the life and culture of the local people, as well as the historical events that shaped Indonesia's struggle for independence from the Dutch colonial rule. The novel also explores the themes of love, loyalty, betrayal, sacrifice, and identity.
Pelangi di Atas Glagah Wangi was first published in 1982 and has been translated into several languages, including English, French, German, and Japanese. It is considered one of the most popular and influential works of modern Indonesian literature. It has also been adapted into a film and a television series.
If you are interested in reading this novel, you can download it for free from this link: https://www.pelangidiatasglagahwangi.com. You will enjoy this captivating and emotional story of love and betrayal in Indonesia.
In this article, we will review some of the main characters and events of Pelangi di Atas Glagah Wangi. We will also discuss the author's background and the impact of his novel on Indonesian literature and society.
The Main Characters
The protagonist of the novel is Siti Nurbaya, a beautiful and intelligent young woman who lives in a village called Glagah Wangi. She is the daughter of Pak Nurman, a wealthy and influential landowner who is loyal to the Dutch colonial government. Siti has a close friendship with Zainal, a handsome and brave young man who is the son of Pak Sastro, a poor farmer who supports the Indonesian independence movement.
Siti and Zainal fall in love with each other, but their relationship faces many obstacles. First, they belong to different social classes and political factions. Second, Siti's father disapproves of their romance and arranges for her to marry Datuk Meringgih, a rich and powerful businessman who is also a collaborator of the Dutch. Third, Zainal joins the guerrilla forces that fight against the Dutch army and becomes a wanted rebel.
The novel follows the fate of Siti and Zainal as they try to overcome these challenges and stay true to their love. Along the way, they encounter other characters who influence their lives, such as Nyai Ontosoroh, Datuk Meringgih's mistress who becomes Siti's ally; Raden Mas Iskandar, a nobleman who falls in love with Siti and tries to help her escape from Datuk Meringgih; and Pak Musa, a religious leader who guides Zainal in his spiritual journey.
The Main Events
The novel spans several years, from 1945 to 1950, covering the period of the Indonesian National Revolution. This was a time when Indonesia fought for its independence from the Dutch colonial rule, which had lasted for more than three centuries. The novel depicts some of the historical events that occurred during this time, such as:
The proclamation of Indonesian independence by Sukarno and Hatta on August 17, 1945.
The formation of the Indonesian National Army (TNI) by General Sudirman and other military leaders.
The first military aggression by the Dutch army in July 1947, which aimed to regain control over Indonesia.
The second military aggression by the Dutch army in December 1948, which resulted in the capture of Sukarno, Hatta, and other political leaders.
The establishment of the Republic of South Maluku (RMS) by some Christian separatists in April 1950.
The novel shows how these events affected the lives of the characters and their choices. It also portrays the different perspectives and opinions of the people regarding the revolution and its outcome.